India is a land of various cultures and a rich heritage. It is the seventh-largest country by area and the second-most populous country globally. The peacock is India’s national bird, and the Bengal Tiger is the country’s national animal. The national song is named Vande Matram (written by Bankimchandra Chatterji ). ‘Jana Gana Mana (written by Rabindranath Tagore),’ India’s national anthem, is sung in 52 seconds. The tri-colored national flag is called ‘tiranga’ , designed with saffron, white and green with the Ashok Chakra in navy blue at the center of the flag. ‘Lion Capital of Ashoka’ is the country’s national emblem.

India is a land of many different languages and many different religions such as Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, Hinduism, etc. India shares its borders with countries like Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh. It also shares its borders with Sri Lanka and the Maldives. It is a secular and democratic country that respects all religions and the people of India have the liberty to practice any religion they want. There are various food styles and dressing styles depending on the regions of the country, setting the perfect example of unity in diversity.

New Delhi is the capital of India and the business capital of India is Mumbai. The currency of India is rupees. India’s largest state by area in Rajasthan and the smallest state is Goa. India has the largest coastline. India is the only country all over the world which is named after an ocean; Indian Ocean. India also has two islands named Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep. There are many languages spoken in India, but Hindi is the national language. Like the languages, India has a huge land diversity with the mountains, plateau, plains, delta, desert, rivers, and seas. Nature and temperature are also different, in the hilly area the temperature is low, in desert temperature are high, and in the plateau, plane, and seashore area the temperature is pleasant. The main occupation of the people of India is agriculture.

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